Mending Broken Hearts: How Relationship Counseling Works

Relationships can vary in different degrees. There can also be multiple forms of relationships arising from the connections you make in your lifetime. For instance, you can nurture a deep relationship with the environment and the natural realms around you. In this relationship, you can experience healing mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. 

And as the planet continued to evolve, the relationship between Mother Earth and her people has also transitioned. In a human-nature relationship, the greatest challenge is to consider the well-being of the environment. With the climate crisis and the persistent degradation of natural resources, this connection has ultimately become disconnected and has narrowed down.


Mending the relationship of humans with nature should be forged with a strong initiative for change. Ultimately, there should be unity in rebooting environmental policies to adopt more environmentally friendly practices. Additionally, there must be a strong encouragement to seek eco-friendly and alternative resources that meet human needs.

Strengthening the foundations of your relationship requires a commitment to change. It is pretty similar to developing a strong relationship with nature. The relationship problems may regress to aggressive tendencies, emotional guilt-tripping, and even self-sabotage. Once it happens, you might want to consider seeking a relationship therapist.

In relationship counseling, the counselor assesses the couple through their interaction and communication. Conversing can provide them a safe space to discuss their issues and better understand their relationship. By exploring this dynamic, the counselor can guide them in improving their relationship dynamics.

Expectations In A Relationship Counseling

Building a stronger relationship may require relationship therapy. In this case, you need to attend several sessions depending on the severity of your relationship status. 

As a couple, you will answer multiple questions about the dynamics of your relationship. The counselor will ask about the history and manifestation of your problems during the first sessions. 

Emotionally-focused therapy or EFT is the widely used approach in relationship counseling. In this short-term therapy, you will be exploring your attachment and bonding dynamics with other adults.

From there, your therapist will explore your relationship within the family. How well are your childhood or adolescence experiences? Are there significant life changes influencing your ability to have stable relationships? These emotional connections might be suggestive of your present behaviors.


Meanwhile, EFT is not the only type of relationship therapy available. There are also other types of treatment used in relationship counseling. Some examples include:

  • Imago relationship therapy
  • Solution-focused therapy
  • Narrative therapy
  • Discernment counseling

Consult your counselor in finding a suitable approach to strengthen the relationship and solve your conflicts.

Proper Behavior During Sessions

Besides the counselor’s expertise, the couple should also show a strong desire to cooperate and resolve conflict to achieve effective counseling.

First, actively listen to what your partner says. Intervening defensively will only corrupt the message they want you to receive. Stay calm and open yourself to a broader perspective. Understand and recognize where they are coming from.

Secondly, be honest about your feelings. Your therapist will provide you a secure and safe space to express your suppressed emotions. Besides the advantage of confidentiality, communicating will also benefit your mental health.

Lastly, be consistent. Attending one appointment is just a start. There may be special assignments to address specific problems in your relationship. For instance, your therapist may require you to explore exercises that can help with efficient communication. Examples of good practices are as follows:

  • Reflective listening
  • Complimenting each other
  • Allowing the other person to talk
  • Sharing what makes you feel loved

Naturally, it is not simple and easy to delve into your partner’s thoughts. Along the way, you will discover a different version of the truth you have always known. It is vital to trust your counselor. But ultimately, you should accept these challenges as a couple.

These approaches are not foolproof. If it fails, you may pursue alternative healing by strengthening your relationship with nature.

Mending Your Relationship With Nature

Relationship counselors focus on mending your relationship with your partner. At the same time, you may start forging your connection with nature. Using your senses, actively observe how you perceive your environment. 

Activating and improving your relationship with nature requires an understanding of your surroundings. Focus on your senses. Watch for the movement of the clouds, the flight of birds, or feel the breeze piercing your skin. Noticing the small details such as flower and leaf patterns can facilitate engagement with your environment.


Secondly, you need to establish your emotions. Learning how to associate your emotional connection with nature can help stabilize your mood. Experiencing joy and calmness may release repressed and destructive psychological distress.

Thirdly, appreciate the beauty of nature. Please find the time to explore how it translates to music, art, and other mediums. 

Fourthly, discover new meaning and purpose in your life.  Explore platforms where you can contemplate how nature brings life. Acknowledge how earth primarily gives birth to every living being on the planet. Then, you can develop mindfulness of your actions towards the environment. 

Lastly, cultivate compassion for the people around you and everything you lay your eyes on. Support organizations and charities that aim to conserve natural resources. Most importantly, do your part. The little things you do to ensure that the world will continue to provide for future generations show that you have a strong bond with nature.


Human-nature relationships, as well as social connections, matter. If you seek more fulfillment, focus on improving your relationships. Communication and establishing connectedness are some key things to concentrate on. With nature, you need to be aware of the existing environmental issues. 


In intimate relationships, on the other hand, you also should be aware of how problems can result in significant psychological and mental distress. For instance, an individual may experience anxiety, depression, and other mood-related disorders

Seeking relationship counseling is not only for couples with marital problems. You can also seek professional help if your goal is to establish a long and healthy connection with your partner. In mending broken hearts, it is necessary to understand how relationship counseling works. Moreover, you have to know how it can ultimately help you.

Finally, healing and improving your relationship should not be limited to personal and social ones. As a citizen of this planet, you should also make an effort to forge a strong connection with nature.

After all, the design is for people and nature to coexist. As much as nature needs our care, we also need its resources to help sustain us. Without each other, it would be hard enough for both to survive.

Counseling And Mental Health For The Climate Crisis

When people talk about the effects of the climate crisis, mental health isn’t necessarily one of the first things that come to mind. Regardless of whether you believe climate change is a problem that the world can eventually solve or fail to address, the situation can cause severe anxiety. Climate change brings intersectional effects. It means that it impacts multiple domains beyond the environment, including the economy and your social world. 

According to the American Psychiatric Association, 48% of Americans believe that climate change affects their mental health. The scale of the problem and the extent of its effects can lead people to think that the situation is hopeless.

However, you can arm yourself with information on how the climate crisis impacts mental health. By doing so, you can better prepare yourself psychologically. Moreover, you can spur greater action towards environmental protection.


Direct Effects

Climate change is driving global warming. This phenomenon makes the world several degrees hotter in the next few decades. But we can prevent it if we take appropriate action. A few degrees doesn’t seem threatening. But note that this represents global average temperatures. While some areas will experience minimal heating, others might experience more severe heat waves.

Extreme heat is not only uncomfortable. It can increase the risk of dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke. Vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly are most at risk.

High temperatures can also have compounding effects on people with mental health issues. Aside from the added stress of coping with the heat, many common prescription medications impair the ability to regulate body temperature. People receiving psychoactive medications can be more sensitive to the impacts of heatwaves.

Impacts Of Severe Weather Events

The climate crisis is also making severe weather events more powerful and more frequent. For instance, storms derive their energy from warm oceans. Increased global temperatures mean that storms get more energy to fuel their growth. When hurricanes eventually reach land, they can exhibit higher wind speeds and dump larger amounts of rainfall. The effects can become catastrophic.

The possibility of being hit by severe weather events is already a source of anxiety for many people. Hurricane survivors can easily tell you how the disaster strikes physically and mentally. Despite taking all the precautions, the prospect of losing property and loved ones can reinforce feelings of hopelessness.

Trauma from climate-related disasters can lead to depression and post-traumatic stress disorders. Even after the trauma has passed, these disasters can have lasting effects. Some of these effects include loss of residence or livelihood. Unfortunately, a significant number of survivors develop chronic mental health conditions. The need for coping mechanisms can also drive people towards alcoholism and substance abuse.

Fear of Long-Term Uncertainty

Researchers are just beginning to understand the long-term effects of the climate crisis. The environment is a complex system composed of interconnected natural processes. Thus, it is exceedingly difficult to analyze precisely. However, most scientists forecast wide-ranging impacts on the environment, including both land and marine ecosystems.


Climate change can lead to new food and water insecurity levels. It can be threatening for the entire communities’ existence in the future. The proliferation of insects and other disease vectors can introduce novel illnesses in previously untouched communities. Extinction rates can rise, further contributing to an unhealthy environment.

The existential threats of the climate crisis are known. But researchers struggle to characterize them with precision. The lack of clarity can reinforce a hopeless mindset and intense pessimism towards the future. These can be symptoms of eco-anxiety, a phenomenon that more counselors are encountering in patients these days.


Unfortunately, the adverse effects of the climate crisis will not affect everyone equally. For instance, people with preexisting mental health conditions may find the burden of climate change too heavy to bear. Those who are economically disadvantaged may have fewer resources to manage climate impacts. Socially underprivileged populations, including ethnic and racial minorities, may not receive adequate support from society.

The inequity of climate change impacts underscores the need for climate justice. Without the necessary support systems, more people will suffer from mental health impacts.



Unfortunately, there is insufficient representation of mental health professionals in climate change research. Until fairly recently, most discussions about the climate were exclusive to climate scientists.

Now, more people are becoming aware of the intersectional impacts of the climate crisis. And with that, psychological aspects are now gaining prominence. Any climate mitigation plan should involve mechanisms for psychological evaluation and provision of mental health services.

Counselors can contribute to the discussion by being more aware of eco-anxiety and how it can manifest in their patients. Their evaluation tools should include a systematic methodology for understanding climate change impacts.

They should also be able to handle conversations on the environment and its connection to their patient’s mental state. Finally, they can raise awareness on the need for a psychological lens when climate change discussions arise.

The climate crisis has potentially severe impacts on psychological health. It is by no means inevitable. Climate mitigation actions in the present day can prevent much human suffering in the future. Counselors and other mental health professionals should now use the impacts of climate change as a rallying point towards greater climate action.

Frequently Asked Questions About Dog Depression


When I graduated from college, my parents gifted me with a lovely Labrador that I named Pluto. They knew how much I loved dogs, but I did not get to do much of that in college because my apartment did not allow animals inside. Hence, when I moved into a pet-friendly condo afterward, I was surprised to see my new pet waiting for me in the living room, complete with a bow on its head.

Now, Pluto had been my companion for a long while. I initially worked from home, so we were together 24/7. Even when it’s time for bed, Pluto would pull his bed in my room and sleep there. When I got hired to become a manager for charity events, our closeness did not wane as the company let me bring him practically everywhere.

The problems started once I decided to change my career and become a full-time environmentalist.

Working Beyond The 9-5 Schedule

As an environmentalist, I would often need to hike, go to the beach, speak at eco-friendly conventions, etc. There were no issues about me taking Pluto to such events, considering most – if not all – of them happened outdoors. I merely had to sacrifice the commute as Pluto refused to stay still in a plane, so I would have to drive everywhere. Though I would often feel exhausted, it would all go away whenever I would see Pluto running around and playing with other people in my group.

However, there came a time when the organization I belonged to wanted me to spread the word about saving Mother Earth abroad. My initial inkling was to say, “Thank you, but no.” It would mean that I would spend a small amount of time at home. I was not worried about burglars or anything since my parents could check on my condo every day, but I did not want to be away from Pluto that long. If only I could drive out of the US and go to other countries, it would be fine. However, duty called, so I had no choice but to do it and leave Pluto to my parents.

My first environmental destination was South Africa. Once my parents assured me that Pluto would be well taken care of, I managed to enjoy my time in the foreign country and learn about their culture. In return, I reminded them of the importance of preserving nature as they increased their efforts in improving their lands. I was set to stay there for two more months, and I genuinely would have been fine, but then my mother called me a few weeks later, telling me that Pluto had not been feeling well.

I cut my trip short since it was technically an emergency for me. Though I only had Pluto for five years, he was still pretty old in dog years. When I reached my parents’ home, I saw him lying on his bed. I called his name, and he looked up at me, but he did not run towards me like he used to. In the next few days, Pluto barely ate or left his bed, so I called the vet and asked what’s wrong with my dog.

I brought Pluto to the clinic with my father since the dog refused to walk. It took the vet at least an hour before diagnosing Pluto with depression.


How does a dog get depressed?
Dogs can get depressed when their routines change, regardless of the reason.

Do dogs go into depression?
Yes, dogs go into depression sometimes.

Why is my dog so sad all of a sudden?
Dogs become sad all of a sudden due to various reasons, such as:

  • You have a new dog and no longer pay attention to the others as much as you did before.
  • You move into another location.
  • You alter their schedule.

Can dogs become suicidal?
No, dogs do not seem capable of becoming suicidal. However, when their owner dies, they may refuse to drink or eat anything, to the point of dying from starvation.

Do dogs know when you’re sad?
Yes, dogs know when you are sad, even if you do not speak the same language. Researchers say that it is due to emotional contagion sensitivity, which practically means that they can feel what you feel.

How do I tell my dog I love him?

  • Maintain eye contact with your dog and raise an eyebrow or talk to it. That is a sign of affection.
  • Rub your dog’s ears gently. Doing so signals the brain to produce endorphins (“feel-good” hormones).
  • Give a doggie hug by leaning into your dog or pressing your leg against their body.
  • Bond over fun activities. For instance, you can teach them new tricks or run together.

Do dogs know they’re dogs?
Yes. Studies suggest that dogs can differentiate themselves from humans and categorize themselves as dogs based on appearances.

Why is it so hard to lose a dog?
The difficulty of losing a dog comes from losing a living being that has given them unconditional love in their unique ways. That is especially true if they have been in each other’s lives for years.


Should I let my dog see my dead dog?
The answer here depends on how comfortable you feel in letting your dog see the dead one. If that’s cool with you, that’s okay. However, if your other dog died because of an infectious disease, it is best not to let your living pet anywhere near it.

Do dogs suffer when being put to sleep?
No, the drug that doctors use to perform euthanasia does not make the dogs suffer. It only takes seconds for the medicine to slow down the dogs’ breathing before eventually stopping.  They won’t feel any pain at all.

Where do animal souls go?
According to Hindu scholars, animal souls tend to go through the reincarnation process when they leave their bodies. However, instead of becoming dogs again, they become humans.

Will we see pets in heaven?
Yes, various religions claim that we will see pets in heaven.

Do pets have souls?
Yes, pets have souls.

What happens when a dog dies at home?

When a dog dies at home due to natural causes or a non-infectious disease, you may bring its body to the veterinarian or contact the local animal control. Either of them can dispose of the dog’s body properly.


Final Thoughts

I was glad to know that Pluto still had many years left in his lifetime, so he was not dying or anything. When I asked how we could cure his depression, the vet advised me to bring Pluto back to my house because he needed to follow the same structure he got used to in years. As for my traveling, the organization helped me secure some papers that would allow Pluto to go to any country. In no time, he became a happy dog again.

Frequently Asked Questions About A Relationship Therapist

Relationships are one among the many fundamentals of living. We form relationships with ourselves, the people around us, with animals, and even with nature. 

Our relationship with mother earth is something that no one should take for granted. It provides for our daily living, including food, shelter, and even the air we breathe. With that, it is only imperative that we take good care of the environment for future generations to enjoy.

Meanwhile, dating is one of the most exciting forms of relationships. As we spend time with another person, we build deeper connections. More than intimacy, knowing another on a deep level is certainly a unique experience.


But marriage, compared to dating, is on another level. Getting married is a lifetime commitment, so it’s not an easy process. Some say that the beginning of a marriage is the most difficult stage. Since partners are adjusting to the new setup, conflicts are likely to arise.

Some say that there is nothing a good conversation can’t fix. But for struggling couples, marriage therapy might best help rebuild a shaky relationship. Therapy provides the avenue for communication to recognize the root causes of issues. More importantly, it helps craft solutions to address them. Furthermore, marriage therapy can also help shed light if the relationship can remain afloat.

A toxic relationship is difficult to settle without an external point of view. It is why marriage counseling helps to address unhelpful behaviors that can be causing conflicts. The sessions will not just dig on the negative. It will also tackle the good things about the relationship and the other half. Usually, the entire therapy session lasts for only a couple of months.

Partners may have different reasons for wanting to reconcile. Often, couples seek to fix their relationship mainly for the children’s sake. In most cases, children in an unhealthy marriage tend to suffer emotionally. The lack of proper guidance, in addition to constant arguing, can be emotionally taxing. In unfortunate circumstances, it can lead to developing worse mental health problems.

If you are looking for ways to work out your marriage, you might want to learn more about relationship therapists and how they can help you. 

What does a marriage therapist do?

A marriage therapist can help struggling couples who are either married or engaged.  Partners experiencing hardships can seek the help of marriage therapists for advice and guidance. Married couples are usually the clients of a marriage therapist. However, engaged couples can also seek support to help them work through specific relationship issues. Some people believe that going to a marriage therapist can help achieve a successful union.

How effective is marriage counseling?

Marriage counseling produces positive results. There is 70% success for couples who receive it. Therefore, marriage counseling was able to help almost half of the pairs resolve their relationship issues.

How many years does it take to be a marriage and family therapist?

Becoming a marriage and family therapist requires full-time students to complete their MFT degree programs. A person who wants to become an MFT will need to pass a clinical exam. They must also finish the required clinical hours and work in different settings. Such helps to establish competency as a therapist.

How much does marriage counseling usually cost?

Generally, marriage counseling may cost about $100 to $200 per hour. Consider that most professional marriage counselors offer 90 minutes per session. With this, the average cost is about $150 to $300 for each session. It’s also important to consider that marriage counseling may entail multiple sessions. It all depends on the client’s situation. Therefore, it would be best to assume that the overall costs may be higher.

What questions are asked in marriage counseling?

The questions asked in marriage counseling usually revolve around the main issues in the relationship. During the counseling, couples share their thoughts on what hinders their relationship from working. The therapist may also require them to verbalize the things they appreciate about each other. A marriage counselor may ask the adjustments that they are willing to make.

When should you consider couples counseling?

There are many reasons why a couple may visit a marriage counselor. Some go through issues of affair, betrayal, or unfaithfulness within the relationship. A couple who is considering breaking up or divorce may also seek counseling. It can assist them in making the final decision. For couples who are getting married, going to couples counseling may help build a strong foundation in their relationship.

Can therapy save a relationship?

Some couples go to marriage counseling to preserve their relationship. Others go to prepare for the end of it. Couples should be genuinely motivated to repair their relationship and commit to making changes. Only through this will marriage therapy can be useful to save a relationship.


Can you fix a broken relationship?

It is possible to mend a broken relationship. However, couples must be willing to work on it and decide that their relationship is worth fixing. Partners must also realize that it will take some time to heal a relationship entirely. The repair might need patience from both of them.

Why do couples go to therapy?

Marriage therapy can help couples restore their trust. It also helps widen insight to be able to settle conflicts. If all goes well, it improves the relationship bliss. Therapy educates them on the strategies, tools, and processes that are useful in the relationship.

Can a therapist tell you to leave your partner?

The answer is no. A therapist’s job is to help couples make such decisions for themselves and not dictate their choices. It is unethical to impose personal opinions on what a couple should do in their relationship.

What should a couple look for in a therapist?

A couple’s therapist should not take sides. The therapist should entertain both sides of the story. It’ll also be great to have a therapist with a flexible schedule. A good therapist must also comfortably open up discussions about finances and sex life. Look for someone who will respect your boundary. An ideal one will provide strategies and teach you how to use them in the relationship effectively.

How long should couple therapy last?

The length of a couple’s therapy varies as relationships are different. However, the average course of successful marriage counseling may last 12-20 sessions.

What should I not tell a marriage counselor?

Things you may want to open up to your marriage counselor mostly depend on you. You should not feel pressured to disclose any information you’re not comfortable with yet. It’s essential to know about the “therapist-patient privilege.”  It states that a therapist must not divulge any private information in court or elsewhere.

However, this only applies to one-on-one private sessions. Arguably, it won’t be easy to secure confidentiality when there are three people in a session.

Does the Gottman method work?

Many studies displayed the Gottman method as an effective treatment. Studies say that it improves marital relationships, intimacy, and adjustment. It also helps couples move past their recurring problems and enjoy the journey of their relationship again. Various researchers and therapists are significantly paying attention to this method.

What is stonewalling in marriage?

Stonewalling happens when a person in the relationship avoids communicating once an issue arises. Like stonewall, the partner who becomes unreachable often seems distant and impassable. It may appear in various forms, such as

  1. Silent treatment,
  2. Conflict avoidance,
  3. Indirect eye contact and
  4. Unwillingness to acknowledge evident relationship issues.


Getting married is not all rainbows and butterflies. At one point, it can be too consuming, which is why having someone to open up to can be helpful.

It might be initially daunting to open up relationship issues with a stranger, like a therapist. However, this might be your only chance to redeem your struggling relationship. A marriage therapist can let you talk about your insights and frustrations with your current relationship. 


When trying to rekindle your feelings about your relationship, it’s important to get clarity. The therapy can help you and your partner sort out how you feel about each other. Whatever your decision might be afterward, marriage therapy can help give your decision direction. 

As the relationship matures, problems can get more complicated. But through therapy, you can deepen your connection with each other as you get to understand your partner more. The act of going to marriage therapy can even refresh your passion with each other.

The early stages of the relationship are often more exciting. Through time, the excitement may fade as arguments and conflicts emerge. The relationship can be tougher to manage, which is why relationship therapists exist. They can help you properly sort out the issues, identify pain points, and come up with a decision.

It’s best to try therapy before making a major life decision. After laying out the problems, the therapist might suggest ways to work things out. Both parties’ willingness to resolve the conflicts and work things out will play a significant role in the result.

It takes a lot of work to get the best outcomes from therapy. The process may be tedious and long. But as long as you religiously adhere to the resolutions, the therapy will surely work out well.

Through the right kind of therapy, you can achieve a happy marriage or a healthy separation. Do not deprive yourself of peace of mind and growth. You have the power to live a fulfilling and worth living life still. It’s not too late to get started.

Environmental Issues And Mental Health


There have been a lot of talks about climate change and environmental issues recently. Environmental issues have become a greater issue over the years, and it is unfortunate that the older the world is, the sicker it is becoming. Our job is to help our planet recover from all the abuse that it is going through, the abuse that we are putting it through. Today, we all are going through a difficult situation, a time when we are losing more of our resources than our planet can actually produce.

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Our Family Must Take Care Of Mother Earth


A family is the basic unit of society. Technically, if we look at it a family is comprised of parents or a parent and then the children but of course we have extended families like our aunts and uncles and cousins. These are the people who watch us grow up and help us learn the ins and outs of the world. Being in a family is always a good thing because it boosts our morale knowing that there are people out there who root for us and who believe in our potentials. 

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Eco-Friendly Ways To Practice At Home Even During A Pandemic


Who says you can’t be eco-friendly at home during the pandemic? Well, you can be with these tips. It may be necessary and straightforward, but it can genuinely help the environment so much more now that we are in a crisis. Kids can also do these things, and thus, without further ado, here are eco-friendly ways to practice at home even during a pandemic.

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How To Protect Your Family And Your Home During A Disaster


Fantasy, Storm, Tornado, Field, Landscape, Enormous



The 2019 World Weather Events was mainly about a discussion of the different weathers and disasters for the year. Tornadoes, floods, droughts, cyclones, and winter storms were among the most frequently reported disasters that were discussed by experts and forecasters during the event. Other participants were there to share their experiences and learn some new knowledge about how to protect communities and families from weathers that destroy their homes and livelihoods. There was also an exchange of information from experts across the country on how to prepare for calamities so that negative effects can be minimized.

Protecting Yourselves From Different Disasters

Tornadoes. Assign a place within your home that all family members can run to in case a tornado occurs – preferably a basement or cellar. If you don’t have these two, advise your family to stay from exterior doors or windows and hold on to a strong piece of furniture to protect yourself from flying debris. Seniors should be the first ones to be put to safety, and then the younger kids or perhaps children with special needs. If possible, find time to all present in the home and try doing a drill to prevent severe problems. Also, equip your home with an emergency kit.

Earthquake. During an earthquake, find protection under a sturdy table, staircase, or desk. Instruct your children about safe spaces where they can hide, mainly if the quake happens in the middle of the night. They must have specific places to hide in their bedrooms, like their study tables or under their beds. For those family members with disabilities, installing their rooms with grab bars beside their bed would make it easy for them to move to safety. If you have a pet, on the other hand, assign someone who can take your pet to safety.


File:Aftermath of the 2017 Chiapas earthquake.jpg



Hurricane. Storm shutters and reliable roofing and doors are practical investments, especially for coastal region residents. Trim your trees so that it doesn’t reach your windows and power lines. If a family member is using medical equipment, make sure you have a generator ready in case of a power outage when the hurricane strikes. Although hurricanes can be tracked, there still have been a lot of deadly and damaging ones that have destroyed the lives of many. Once an evacuation order is issued, you and your family must follow the guidelines strictly to avoid accidents. Always be updated and equip yourselves with a radio or television for the latest updates.




Teaching Our Kids To Be Eco-Conscious: Our Lockdown Project


I have always been an eco-friendly person because my mother taught me that the Earth would melt one day because people will abuse it. And with the COVID-19 pandemic happening, I told my wife that it is time for us to teach our kids to be eco-conscious. There is nothing else to do at home, and this could be a worthwhile lockdown project for all of us.

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How Humans Have Changed The Climate


Climate Change, Global Warming, Environment, Disaster


The Paris Agreement was the most talked-about topic at the 2019 Climate Change Event. The goals of the agreement were discussed, including the other contents which explained the causes of global warming. One of the goals of the agreement was keeping the global temperature to just below two degrees Celsius, or at a safer temperature of 1.5. This is the most ideal if you want to avoid severe and irreversible climate damage. To keep this temperature maintained, measures and strategies must be done. People have to be aware of the climate crisis to realize that it does need to be taken care of.

Warming Trend In The Climate

Estimating the global average air temperature is not easy. It needs a thorough analysis of the different measurements used worldwide, including measurements from satellites, shipped, and land stations. Even if there are several complications in structuring data, various independent groups have come up with a separate yet unanimous conclusion that the global average air temp has increased to 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit in the 1900s. Although there have been erratic changes in the records, the years that followed have had warmers trends in the climate.

High Water, River, Flood, Water, Climate Change, Storm


Back when the thermometers used were not yet very accurate, temperatures were reconstructed with the use of climate-sensitive tools or proxies. Tree rings, marine sediments, and ice cores were some of the materials used to make these proxies. Comparisons performed using these proxies showed that the 1980s and the succeeding years had been the warmest years over the last eight centuries. Global temperature, on the other hand, had risen to its peak temperatures some 10,000 years ago.

How Humans Have Changed The Climate

Careful assessment of data and other types of evidence suggest that most of the global warming effects in the past five decades were not due to natural causes but rather that humans played a crucial role in the current climate crisis. To further understand how humans have influenced the climate, scientists considered various natural factors that may have affected precipitation, temperature, or other points of the climate using timescales of days to decades and even longer. One natural factor was the El Nino Southern Oscillation or the ENSO, an erratic shift between cooling and warming in a span of seven years, located at the equatorial Pacific Ocean. It has caused tremendous shifts in rainfall patterns and temperatures.


Volcanic activities also affect climate, as it increases the number of aerosol particles within the stratosphere that absorb or reflect the sun, causing short-term superficial cooling for about three years. Thousands of years ago, continually recurring alternations in the earth around the sun had been sufficient to create ice age cycles through the last 800,000 years.


Fingerprinting is a robust method of analyzing the cause and effect of climate change. Various influences on climate lead to various patterns that have been recorded since. This becomes visible when scientists search beyond the changes in the temperature of the planet and delve deeper into temporal and geographical graphs of climate change. For instance, a heightened energy output of the sun causes different temperature changes in the Earth’s surface. Atmospheric temp patterns showed a fingerprint result that was closer to that of a longstanding CO2 increase compared to that of a wavering sun. Researchers regularly test whether natural changes occurring in the sun, climate variability, or volcanic activities can explain the changes that they have identified in the various areas of the climate system.

The Future Of Climate Change

Scientists and researchers have made tremendous success in observations, modeling, and theories regarding the climate system of the Earth, and these improvements have allowed them to forecast the future of climate change with much confidence. However, some inevitable issues still make it impossible to provide an accurate estimate of the regional or global temperature trends decades from now. First, one cannot forecast the amount of CO2 that humans emit, as this will rely on several factors like the society’s consumption and production of energy and its corresponding changes in the decades to come, and also how the global economy goes.

A wide view of the stone walls of Mailekini Heiau and Puukohola Heiau


Second, with the latest knowledge on the complications of how climate feedbacks work, there are several possible results, even for, say, CO2 emissions. Finally, For some decades now, natural variability can inflect the outcomes of basic temperature trends. Overall, model projections stipulate that the Earth will be warmer in the coming years, decades, and even centuries. Policies must be created to include ways and means of reducing emissions and other debilitating factors that tremendously affect climate. If these policies and measures are not implemented soon, then global warming temperatures from the current 2.6 will further increase to 4.8 degrees Celsius. This is particularly very challenging for scientists and other experts.